Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Obstetrics And Gynaecology: Condition & Treatments
Pregnancy is an important stage in the life of a woman, and she should take care of her health properly for overcoming risks. Women should focus on getting good care before and after pregnancy. It is advisable for them to visit a hospital regularly for check-ups to know the growth of the fetus. The Obstetrics and Gynaecology department in a clinic mainly deals with the problems of women with specialists. In fact, the department will take care of pregnant women and guides them to manage diseases that affect their health or pregnancy.
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What Is The Nature Of Work Involved In Obstetrics And Gynaecology?
Obstetrics mainly deals with pregnancy, which involves caring for an unborn baby, delivery, medical care after the birth of a child. Gynaecology deals with women’s reproductive system that offers a solution for problems related to menopause, urinary system, bowel, adolescence, bladder, reproduction, etc. In obstetrics, doctors will assist pregnant women in delivering a baby with devices, including forceps or a ventouse. It even covers cesarean surgery by inserting an incision through the mother’s abdomen. Some of the procedures followed in gynaecology include surgical treatments for miscarriage, abnormal bleeding and polyps treatment, minimal access surgery for various issues including endometriosis, etc
Condition & Treatments
Ovarian hypofunction is a hormonal disorder which reduces the function of the ovaries. In addition, it also results in decreased production of hormones that make women difficult to become pregnant. The condition is mainly caused by excess insulin, inflammation, genes, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy. Some symptoms of ovarian hypofunction include irregular menstruation, heavy bleeding, acne, weight gain, baldness, and excessive hair growth. It will lead to complications such as infertility, sleep apnea, endometrial cancer, and metabolic syndrome.
The treatment for this condition is estrogen therapy that ultimately helps to relieve menstrual symptoms and bone loss. However, it doesn’t increase the chances of pregnancy in women.
Pelvic Inflammatory Disease
Pelvic inflammatory disease is a condition which leads to the inflammation of ovaries, fallopian tube, or uterus. Gynaecological operations, repeated miscarriages, and repeated abortions are some factors which influence the condition to a large extent. The symptoms of the disorder include irregular menstrual bleeding, fever, lower abdominal pain, vaginal discharge with foul-smelling, and painful intercourse.
The treatment for PID depends on the symptoms and conditions. In most cases, doctors will recommend anti-biotic and anti-inflammatory drugs for nearly 3 weeks.
Placenta Praevia is a common problem that occurs in women during pregnancy. It is a condition which leads to the growth of the placenta in the lowest part of the womb. There are three types of placenta praevia that can affect a woman in various ways. The causes of the condition include multiple pregnancies, previous pregnancies, and abnormally shaped uterus, which leads to sudden bleeding.
The treatment for the condition includes blood transfusions, steroid shots, and medicines based on the type and pregnancy stage.
Preeclampsia is a condition which leads to increased blood pressure and protein in the urine during pregnancy that usually occurs after the 20th week. It will damage the kidney, liver, maternal endothelium, and other parts, causing potential threats. Some of the symptoms caused by the condition include blurred vision, irritability, sudden weight gain, decreased urine output, etc. Autoimmune disorders, obesity, diabetes, genes, diet, and multiple pregnancies are some factors which cause the condition.
The treatment for the condition is delivering the baby as soon as possible to avoid the risks of a mother.
Why Is Regular Treatment During Pregnancy Important?
Women should undergo regular treatment during pregnancy that will provide advantages to both mother and baby. Prenatal care is necessary for a pregnant woman to deal with any problems with ease.
It includes good nutrition and health habits meant for a pregnant woman. In fact, prenatal care mainly aims to study the development of a baby with routine tests and to prevent possible problems. A prenatal care provider will offer delivery and postpartum services to a woman when she is going to get pregnant.
At the same time, the number of visits and exams may vary depending on the pregnancy stage. For example, a pregnant woman will undergo normal check-ups during first-trimester care. Similarly, doctors will organize different types of tests during the second and third-trimester care.
A prenatal care provider will offer the following services to pregnant women.
- Ultrasound tests for evaluating the growth of a baby
- Glucose tests to detect gestational diabetes
- Blood tests to determine the DNA in the mother’s blood
- Tests for sexually transmitted diseases (STD)
- Fetal echocardiography to test the baby’s heart
- Amniocentesis to analyze genetic problems and birth defects
Pregnant women should consider visiting a prenatal care provider every 4 weeks for the first 28 weeks, every 2 weeks until 36 weeks, and once a week until the delivery of a baby.
How Can A Doctor Help Prevent Pregnancy Complications?
A pregnant woman may face some common complications such as gestational diabetes, vaginal bleeding, early labor, high blood pressure, morning sickness, placenta problems, backaches, and leg pain.
An Obstetrics and Gynaecology doctor will conduct pregnancy tests, pelvic ultrasound blood tests, and urine tests for evaluating the problems in advance. He/she will also recommend a sonogram test to know the growth of a fetus with pictures. Pregnant women should undergo one more test to detect hormones and HCG in urine.
In most cases, the doctor will suggest a healthy diet and other things to overcome complications in pregnancy.
Zenith Hospital is one of the leading Gynaecology & Obstetrics hospitals in Faridabad NCR, India. We provide the best in class services that include pregnancy care, Ovulation Studies, Gynaecological Surgeries, Family Welfare Services. Zenith Hospital provides 24/7 state of the art Obstetrical Care Service by a team of experienced gynecologists and a fully trained staff.